Tourism and recreation is increasingly significant in the Tweed catchment. It forms a vital part of the area's economy as well as supporting health and well-being. Tweed’s international reputation as a premier salmon river draws people from all over the world to fish its waters. However, there are many other recreational opportunities within the catchment, which include cycling, mountain biking, canoeing, walking, horse riding as well as a wealth of heritage sites. There is a wide range of excellent walks along the Tweed for all abilities and interests. The catchment is also home to many cycle routes including the Tweed Cycle Way, which follows the river for 89 miles. Mountain biking is available at a number of sites throughout the catchment with Glentress Forest drawing mountain bikers from all over the UK with its testing routes.
Scottish Water also provides access to its reservoirs, whilst being mindful of the needs for protecting our drinking water supplies and wildlife. At Megget Reservoir, there are car parks and a circular footpath along the dam wall. Information boards at Talla and Fruid tell the story of the reservoir and its role in water supply. Sailing is available on the Whiteadder Reservoir and is organised by the Scottish Borders Education department, while many of the reservoirs such as Talla, Fruid and West Water provide excellent brown trout fishing.
Although not a classic canoe river, there are some stretches of the Tweed such as the Yair where white water canoeing has been formally agreed. Generally the river can accommodate canoes along most of its length although launching/exit points must be agreed with riparian owners. A canoeist's code of conduct has been developed to ensure that canoeists do not come into conflict with themselves or others.